Due to the good maritime infrastructure, the largest tankers can moor at us. About 240 tankers in total carry between 35 and 40 million tonnes of oil per year. This is one third of the total supply of crude oil in Rotterdam. Storage takes place in large tanks.
The oil is distributed through numerous pipelines. Continuous attention to safety and the environment contributes to a safe and healthy work environment that is in harmony with the nature that is presently present on the Maasvlakte.
For the unloading of tankers we have two scaffolding. Under the road surface, the discharge of the head of the scaffold leads to the connection to the pipeline network at the terminal. The scaffolds are so constructed that they can handle the largest tankers. These are tankers with a length of up to 460 meters and a draft of up to 22 meters.
Mooring a supertanker requires the highest concentration of all concerned. Help is in the form of a laser docking system. On the scaffold are large electronic signs on which the pilot finds the approach speed to the scaffold. This information is recorded in the control room.
One of the tankers we receive regularly is the Al Shuhadaa. This tanker belongs to the VLCC category: Very Large Crude Carriers. With a length of 322 meters, a width of 57 meters and 271,000 tons of crude oil on board, this tanker is indeed big. Both scaffolds have four loose arms. To connect these arms, the Maasvlakte Oil Terminal N.V. operators make use of a wireless remote control. When all safety procedures have been completed, it will start unloading. The mooring time depends on the size of the ship and varies between 24 and 48 hours.
An extensive pipeline system with remote controlled valves distributes the oil over the storage tanks. Distribution to users takes place with the help of large pumps. Through the regional pipeline network, the crude oil is pumped to refineries or other terminals. For example, all Dutch refineries receive oil from Maasvlakte Oil Terminal N.V.. Some pipelines also have a connection to the international network. In addition to efficient transport, pipelines are also particularly safe.
The bulk of the supply is first stored in one of the 39 tanks. The tanks are 22 meters high and have a diameter of 85 meters. This can be compared to a 7-storey building, the total area of one tank is equal to the surface of a large football field. In one tank about 114,000 m3 of crude oil can be stored. If this amount is converted to a refinery in a refinery, it generates so much gasoline that more than 90,000 cars can drive for a year.
Crude oil, also known as petroleum, is supplied from Maasvlakte Oil Terminal N.V. at various supercompetitions at Maasvlakte Oil Terminal N.V. It is often thought that all crude oil is so thick that it is hardly pumped and always intense black. However, petroleum oil can be as liquid as olive oil and the color is often brown. In addition to fuels for cars, scooters, ships and aircraft, crude oil is also the "engine" for the chemical industry. Thus, a part of the naphtha and gases obtained from the refining process goes to the chemical industry. There it forms the basis for other products that are no longer out of daily life. Such as: plastics, cosmetics and medicines.